Lamont v. Postmaster General - Wikipedia
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|Lamont v. Postmaster General|
|Argued April 26, 1965|
Decided May 24, 1965
|Full case name||Corliss Lamont, dba Basic Pamphlets, Appellant v. Postmaster General of the United States|
|Citations||381 U.S. 301 (more)|
85 S.Ct. 1493; 14 L. Ed. 2d 398; 1965 U.S. LEXIS 2286
|Prior||229 F. Supp. 913 (S.D.N.Y. 1964); probable jurisdiction noted, 379 U.S. 926 (1964).|
|The Postal Service and Federal Employees Salary Act is unconstitutional since it imposes on addressees an affirmative obligation that amounts to an unconstitutional limitation of their rights under the First Amendment.|
|Concurrence||Brennan, joined by Goldberg|
|White took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.|
|U.S. Const. amend. I|
Lamont v. Postmaster General, 381 U.S. 301 (1965), was a landmark First Amendment Supreme Court case, in which the ruling of the Supreme Court struck down § 305(a) of the Postal Service and Federal Employees Salary Act of 1962, a federal statute requiring the Postmaster General to detain and deliver only upon the addressee's request unsealed foreign mailings of "communist political propaganda."
39 U.S.C. 4008 (1964) required the U.S. Postmaster General to detain and not deliver "communist political propaganda," unless a recipient affirmatively indicated their consent to receive such materials through the mail. Dr. Corliss Lamont had a copy of the Peking Review detained and declined to respond to the government's inquiry as to whether he wished to receive the delivery. Lamont subsequently filed suit alleging that Section 4008 violated his 1st Amendment and 5th Amendment rights.
Opinion of the court
The Court held:
the Act, as construed and applied, is unconstitutional, since it imposes on the addressee an affirmative obligation which amounts to an unconstitutional limitation of his rights under the First Amendment.
The Court was unanimous in the judgment (8-0, with Justice White recused). Justice Brennan wrote a concurring opinion (which Justice Goldberg joined) and Justice Harlan also wrote a concurring opinion.
- Sigler, Jay A. (1965). "Freedom of the Mails: A Developing Right". Georgetown Law Journal. 54: 30.
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- Anti-communism in the United States
- United States Supreme Court cases
- United States Supreme Court cases of the Warren Court
- United States Free Speech Clause case law
- 1965 in United States case law
- American Civil Liberties Union litigation
- United States Postal Service litigation
- China–United States relations
- United States Fifth Amendment self-incrimination case law