Interstate 95 in Rhode Island - Wikipedia

Interstate 95 marker

Interstate 95

I-95 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by RIDOT
Length43.3 mi[1] (69.7 km)
Existed1957–present
Major junctions
South end I-95 in North Stonington, CT
Major intersections
North end I-95 in Attleboro, MA
Location
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountiesWashington, Kent, Providence
Highway system
Route 94 I-95E

Interstate 95 (I-95) is the main north–south Interstate Highway on the east coast of the United States, running generally southwest-northeast through the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It runs from the border with Connecticut near Westerly, through Warwick and Providence, and to the Massachusetts state line in Pawtucket. It has two auxiliary routes, both of which enter Massachusetts—I-195: a spur from Providence east to Cape Cod, and I-295, a western bypass of the Providence-Pawtucket area.

South of Warwick, I-95 does not follow U.S. Route 1 (US 1), which it generally replaced in New England. It instead takes a shorter inland route, parallel to Route 3. Route 3 was designated Route 1A in 1922, a New England Interstate Route, but it has never been a U.S. Route.

History[edit]

Southern Rhode Island[edit]

Junction with Route 37 in Warwick
Rhode Island 84.svg

The diagonal corridor of Route 3 was a well-traveled shortcut to the older U.S. Route 1 even before any part of Interstate 95 was built. In the 1930s, a further cutoff was built in southeastern Connecticut and southwestern Rhode Island, joining Old Mystic, Connecticut to Route 3 in Hopkinton, Rhode Island. The existing Route 84 in Connecticut was rerouted to use the new road (now Route 184), and the short piece in Rhode Island was also numbered Route 84.[2] (This alignment had been the Hopkinton and Richmond Turnpike – better known as the New London Turnpike – but had fallen into disrepair.) The right of way of New London Turnpike goes through the Big River Management Area (as a dirt road), crosses Division Road as a four-way intersection with the north side of the turnpike paved, has an interchange with Interstate 95 (exit 7), continues for 1.85 miles before connecting with Route 3 in West Warwick for a ¼ mile. New London Turnpike turns into New London Ave and continues straight for 2¼ miles before connecting with Providence street (RI-33). It follows Providence Street until it hits the Meshanticut Interchange.

The first section of what is now I-95 was planned as an upgrade and relocation of Route 84 and Route 3 from the state line north of Westerly to existing Route 3 of Richmond. The short Route 84 was widened to a four-lane divided road with one intersection at Gray Lane. Instead of merging with Route 3, it was modified to continue northeast, passing under Route 3 with a folded diamond interchange (modern day exit 1). The rest of the new road was designated Route 3 once it was completed on December 12, 1955. It was not built to freeway standards, only having interchanges at Route 3 in Hopkinton and Route 138 in Richmond (a cloverleaf) (modern day exit 3), as well as a bridge over the Wood River and Mechanic Street.[3][4]

A section of freeway (known as the Kent County Freeway) opened in July 1958, running from Route 3 at Kitts Corner northeast across the Big River (modern day exit 6) and east across Route 3 to Route 2 on the West Warwick-Warwick line (modern day exit 8). Its west end was a simple intersection with old Route 3, in which only northbound traffic could continue on the old road — southbound traffic had to enter the new freeway east of the Big River. The only two interchanges were with Route 3 east of the Big River (a diamond interchange) and with Route 2 at its east end (a four-ramp interchange providing half the ramps of a cloverleaf).[4][5]

Rhode Island 95.svg

The Interstate 95 designation was approved on June 27, 1958.[6] The section in southern Rhode Island was temporarily designated Route 95 until it could be upgraded to a freeway. This route ran from the Connecticut state line along what had been Route 84, continuing along the Relocated Route 3 to north of Richmond, along normal Route 3 to Kitts Corner, and along the new freeway east to Route 2. As much as possible, Route 3 was moved back to the old road; it only used the new freeway by necessity in the area near Kitts Corner and over the Big River.[7] Connecticut also renumbered their section of Route 84 to Route 95 at that time.[2]

Interstate 95 in Connecticut was finished December 12, 1964 to the Rhode Island state line, where it connected to the older Route 95 divided highway.[8] The old road from the border to Gray Lane was combined with the frontage road built when Route 84 was upgraded to form what is now known as Extension 184. The portion from the Connecticut state line to Route 3 north of Richmond was upgraded to a freeway with construction ending May 1968.[5] To the north, that freeway was connected with the Kent County Freeway by a new section, opened November 22, 1969 as the last section of I-95 in Rhode Island.[3] The connection to Route 3 at Kitts Corner was removed, and Route 3 was moved back to the old road over the Big River. Route 95 was renumbered Interstate 95, as the whole road was now a freeway.

An interchange with the New London Turnpike was added to the Kent County Freeway by 1972.[4] In 1983, a new interchange with Hopkins Hill Road opened.[3]

Providence area[edit]

The construction of I-95 split the city of Providence in two, cutting off the city's western neighborhoods from downtown.

Among the areas affected was Cathedral Square, which had been a bustling center of civic life before World War II. Interstate 95, constructed adjacent to Cathedral Square, changed the area's character forever. A 1972 redesign by I.M. Pei attempted to revitalize the Square but failed.[9]

Pawtucket area[edit]

The people of Pawtucket feared the construction of I-95 as early as 1949. Editions of the Pawtucket Times and The Providence Journal in 1949 recall how neighbors in the Woodlawn section of Pawtucket feared the construction of the highway. According to Rhode Island Department of Transportation blueprints, the highway was originally planned for the west side of Pawtucket, avoiding the Pawtucket River. The highway was originally designed to be constructed east of the New York–New Haven railroad tracks and create underpasses on Mineral Spring Avenue, Broad Street, and Dexter Street. The highway was meant to travel east of the Pawtucket–Central Falls train station and into South Attleboro, Massachusetts.[citation needed]

The Pawtucket River Bridge is part of Interstate 95 and has been replaced.

Exit list[edit]

Exit numbers are sequential, but are currently being replaced with mileage-based numbering per federal highway standards. Exit renumbering began on August 28, 2022.[10]

CountyLocationmi[1]kmOld exitNew exit[11]Destinations[1]Notes
WashingtonHopkinton0.00.0
I-95 south – New London, New York
Continuation into Connecticut
0.71.111 Route 3 – Hopkinton, Westerly
4.57.224Hopkinton, Hope ValleyVia Woodville Alton Road
Richmond6.410.3Rest area and welcome center (northbound)
7.311.737 Route 138 – South Kingstown, Wyoming
9.014.549
Route 3 to Route 165 – Arcadia, Exeter
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
10.717.2Parking area and weigh station
KentWest Greenwich14.022.5514 Route 102 – North Kingstown, West Greenwich, ExeterSigned as exits 14A (south) and 14B (north)
18.229.3618 Route 3 – Coventry, West Greenwich
19.932.06A19Hopkins Hill Road
21.434.4721Coventry, West WarwickAccess via New London Turnpike
Warwick23.938.5824A
Route 2 to Route 4 – East Greenwich, West Warwick
No northbound entrance; signed as exits 24A (south) and 24B (north) northbound
24.839.9924B
Route 4 south – North Kingstown
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; northern terminus of Route 4
26.943.31027 Route 117 – West Warwick, WarwickSigned as exits 27A (east) and 27B (west) southbound
27.644.41128A
I-295 north – Woonsocket
Northbound left exit and southbound entrance; southern terminus of I-295
28.045.11228B

Route 113 east to Route 5 – Warwick
Signed as exit 28A southbound
28.545.9


Route 113 west / I-295 north to Route 2 – West Warwick
29.547.51329 US 1 – T.F. Green AirportAccess via Airport Connector Road
31.5–
31.7
50.7–
51.0
1431A-B

Route 37 to US 1 / Route 2 – Warwick, Cranston
Signed as exits 31A (east) and 31B (west); exits 2A-2B on Route 37
1531CJefferson BoulevardNorthbound exit ramp is shared with exit 31B
ProvidenceCranston33.253.41633

Route 10 north to Route 2 (Reservoir Avenue) – Cranston
Exits 1B-C on Route 10; signed as exit 33A northbound and 33B southbound
33.854.4 US 1 (Elmwood Avenue)


Route 10 south to Route 12 (Park Avenue)
Northbound exit only; signed as exit 33B
No northbound exit access; signed as exit 33A southbound
Providence34.255.01734 US 1 (Elmwood Avenue)Southbound exit only; other movements via Route 10
35.356.81835
Thurbers Avenue to US 1A
36.258.319/2036A

I-195 east / US 6 east – East Providence, Cape Cod
Southern terminus of US 6 concurrency; western terminus of I-195
36.358.420
19
36BPoint Street
Eddy Street
Northbound Signage
Southbound Signage
37.059.52137ABroadwayNorthbound exit only
37.560.4Atwells AvenueSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
37.2–
37.8
59.9–
60.8
22A37BMemorial Boulevard – Downtown Providence
22B37C

US 6 west / Route 10 south – Hartford, CT
Northern terminus of US 6 concurrency
22C37DProvidence Place
38.061.22338

Route 146 north to US 44 – Woonsocket, State Offices
Northbound signage; signed as exits 38A (Route 146) and 38B (US 44); southern terminus of Route 146
38.562.0Charles Street (Route 246) to Route 146 northSouthbound signage
39.062.82439ABranch Avenue
39.763.92539B Route 126 (Smithfield Avenue) / US 1 (North Main Street)Signed as exits 39B (US 1) and 39C (Route 126) northbound
Pawtucket40.665.32640 Route 122 (Lonsdale Avenue / Main Street)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
41.466.62741A US 1 / Route 15 – Pawtucket, North ProvidenceSouthern terminus of US 1 concurrency; signed as exit 41 southbound
41.867.32841B Route 114 (School Street)No southbound exit
42.468.22942 US 1 (Broadway) / Route 15 / Cottage Street – Downtown PawtucketNorthern terminus of US 1 concurrency; signed as exits 42A (US 1) and 42B (Cottage St) northbound; signed for Route 15 southbound
43.069.23043East Street / Roosevelt Avenue – Central Falls
43.369.7
I-95 north
Continuation into Massachusetts
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Tolls[edit]

High-speed toll gantries began being installed on I-95 in several places in the state in 2018-2020. Toll rates at each point vary between $2.25 and $9.50. Toll rates vary based on the gantry. Commercial trucks pulling trailers paid tolls until September 21, 2022. Federal judges ordered Rhode Island officials on September 21, 2022 to stop collecting truck-only toll due to the long-hauling trucking industry's complaint that the highway charges were unconstitutional and unfair.[12]

References[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b c Google (February 5, 2016). "Interstate 95" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "kurumi: Connecticut Route 184". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "The Roads of Metro Boston - north–south Expressway". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  4. ^ a b c RIGIS Digital Aerial Photography Archived 2006-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b Rhode Island Department of Transportation, Interstate Highway Opening Dates
  6. ^ Official Route Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, as adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials, approved June 27, 1958
  7. ^ 1961 Gousha Massachusetts-Connecticut-Rhode Island map
  8. ^ "kurumi: Connecticut Interstate 95". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  9. ^ Kasakove, Sophie (7 September 2016). "In Downtown Providence, A Forgotten Piece Of Architectural History". Rhode Island Public Radio. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  10. ^ "RIDOT begins renumbering of I-95 exits".
  11. ^ 2014 Interstate Strip Map (PDF) (Map). Rhode Island Department of Transportation. March 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  12. ^ "Judge orders halt to Rhode Island truck tolls, rules system is unconstitutional".

External links[edit]

  • Wolke, Richard. "Building Route 95 – Part 1". Hopkinton Historical Association. Hopkinton Historical Association. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  • Prescott, Richard G. "Building Route 95 Part II". Hopkinton Historical Association. Hopkinton Historical Association. Retrieved 25 September 2017.


Interstate 95
Previous state:
Connecticut
Rhode Island Next state:
Massachusetts