Beauharnais v. Illinois - Wikipedia
|Beauharnais v. Illinois|
|Argued November 28, 1951|
Decided April 28, 1952
|Full case name||Beauharnais v. Illinois|
|Citations||343 U.S. 250 (more)|
72 S. Ct. 725; 96 L. Ed. 919; 1952 U.S. LEXIS 2799
|Prior||Cert. to the S.Ct. of IL. The Supreme Court of Illinois sustained petitioner's conviction of a violation of Ill. Rev. Stat., 1949, c. 38 § 471, over his objection that the statute was invalid under the Fourteenth Amendment. 408 Ill. 512, 97 N.E.2d 343; cert. granted, 342 U.S. 809.|
|An Illinois law making it illegal to publish or exhibit any writing or picture portraying the "depravity, criminality, unchastity, or lack of virtue of a class of citizens of any race, color, creed or religion" was constitutional.|
|Majority||Frankfurter, joined by Vinson, Burton, Clark, Minton|
|Dissent||Black, joined by Douglas|
|Dissent||Reed, joined by Douglas|
|U.S. Const. amends. I, XIV|
Beauharnais v. Illinois, 343 U.S. 250 (1952), was a case that came before the United States Supreme Court in 1952. It upheld an Illinois law making it illegal to publish or exhibit any writing or picture portraying the "depravity, criminality, unchastity, or lack of virtue of a class of citizens of any race, color, creed or religion". It is most known for giving a legal basis to some degree that forms of hate speech that may be deemed to breach US libel law are not protected by the First Amendment.
The petitioner in Beauharnais distributed a leaflet "setting forth a petition calling on the Mayor and City Council of Chicago 'to halt the further encroachment, harassment and invasion of white people, their property, neighborhoods and persons, by the Negro.'" His criminal conviction by the trial court was sustained by the Illinois Supreme Court, and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court after it rejected a Fourteenth Amendment due process challenge.
In his opinion, Justice Frankfurter argued that the speech conducted by the defendant had breached libel and so was reasoned to be outside the protection of the First and Fourteenth Amendments.
In his dissenting opinion, Associate Justice Black quoted Pyrrhus of Epirus by alluding to the term Pyrrhic victory: "If minority groups hail this holding as their victory, they might consider the possible relevancy of this ancient remark: 'Another such victory and I am undone'".
Although Beauharnais has not been overturned, subsequent Supreme Court decisions such as New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964), R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992), and Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969) have adopted a more speech-protective position.
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 343
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Vinson Court
- List of United States Supreme Court cases involving the First Amendment
- ^ Beauharnais v. Illinois, 343 250 (U.S. 1952).
- ^ Schwartz, Bernard (1996). The Warren Court: A Retrospective. Oxford University Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-19-510439-0.
- Text of Beauharnais v. Illinois, 343 U.S. 250 (1952) is available from: Justia Library of Congress